The 2nd Principle


The practice of this principle derive from the knowledge of what can damage the earth. It is difficult to define all the actions that have generated or could generate damages to the earth. But it is possible to classify them in three aggregations:

  • Actions that damage the natural biodiversity:
a. Excessive substitution of the natural environment with the artificial one (extensive constructions);
b. Nuclear plants: in case of accident can cause a lot of problems to the earth;
c. Excessive production of waste;
d. Irrational diffusion of Genetically Modified Organism (GMO);
e. Commercial hunting that doesn’t take into consideration the real need of the population;
f. ……
  • Actions in conflict with the planet climate equilibrium:

a. Air pollution :
the most part of living being (man included) can live only under specific and stable climate conditions (temperature range and not turbulent atmospheric conditions). Many words have been already said about the “global warming” but what have been done to solve this problem? We live yet in a society with a consumerist and egocentric lifestyle. Another big problem is the excessive dependence from the oil as source of energy.

  • Actions that generate inequalities and social dissatisfaction leading to wars inside and between populations:
a. Inequalities inside and between populations:
all countries have to offer a decent life to their citizens avoiding strong inequalities in the life standards. In this way, we can stop the diffusion of hate, terrorism, riots, and mass migrations. Each country needs the necessary infrastructures and institutions (also thanks to outside aids) able to ensure good life conditions. Water, electricity, gas and transport system are the essential infrastructures. Another important topic is the education system: it is important to avoid situations in which rich children can have an access to education institutions better than that attended by poor children.

Moreover, countries have to support the development of technologies that can eliminate the environmental damages already generated (air water and land pollution).

As said, the variables used in order to measure a country behavior in term of earth protection are classified in environmental variables (measuring the pollution and the source exploitation) and social variables (measuring social participation, social equality and social development):

  • Pollution variables
i) Co2 emissions (total and per capita)
ii) Forest land (% of total land)
iii) Marine protected area (% of total surface)
  • Energy variables
i) Energy per capita use
ii) Combustible renewable and waste (% of total Energy use)
iii) Operative nuclear plants (total and per billions people)
  • Cohesion and social development variables
i) Labor participation rate
ii) Human development index (By the Human development organization)


In this section we analize the dynamics of some variables (with the latest available data) with reference to the environmental footprint and social cohesion in 42 countries selected among Developed and Industrilizing countries.


In this section we propose an index which, taking into account the main environmental data, ranks each of the 42 countries analized based on their attitude to pollute the Planet.