Giovanni Parrotta

on .

INTERVIEW WITH Giovanni Parrotta
(Author of the book  "MEGLIO MORTO CHE PRECARIO")

Precariousness is the term used to define those workers who have no stable position in the Labor Market; they are in a weak position and suffer from very bad economic conditions. These workers are often young. Because of that, they are not able to buy an house and set a family. What are the causes an consequences of precariousness in Italy and what are th solutions? We had an interview with Giovanni Parrotta, young Italian novellist, who explained us the problem behind this henomenon.
The Book
INTERVIEW - (March 2012)
The interview was realized and published in March 2012 - (Original interview in Italian)
Subject: Precariousness in Italy's labor market: causes, consequences and solutions
1. Question: Hello Giovanni, in your book you describe Michele’s life, a young person from Calabria who at the age of 29 decides to kill himself as frustrated by his work precariousness. Actually what emerges from your book is a precariousness and an uncertainty pervading young people since their adolescence, during all their formation phase and then during their searching for a job. In your opinion in what phase (education and employment searching) the Italian system fails more?

Good question! I will start saying that the problem is not the “Italian educational system” but the economic one that dominate our lives. By now, everything is based on the economy; you live as a function of the economy, not in order to enjoy your life that is unique and should be lived with pleasure and passion; instead it become a living-death made by desperation, unemployment and willingness to work only, in order to have material goods for having a placebo-happiness.
2. Question: Now-days the precariousness theme is at the center of political debates. What means for you the world “precariousness”? 
In my opinion the precariousness is only a transitory state between an unemployment period and the following one. It is a state where people cannot have resilience; they are dominated and subjugated by external forces that want them to be closed, afflicted and without thought.
3. Question: your book protagonist, frustrated by his condition as a precarious worker, kills himself. Actually what you suggest to do for young people living in these conditions (black jobs and under-paid temporary jobs)?

To rebel! not accepting irregular jobs but cooperating with other people living in their similar conditions. These people must regain their life and cooperate. This is for me the only way to obtain a result in any field. Looking for immediate results is not the solution, as there is nobody who give it; we have to work hardly and be satisfied of what we can obtain with all our sources.
4. Question: I’m going to quote a part of your book (pag.82): “The well-being has brought in western countries a social inequality that we can summing up in this way: the rich person, who live in the opulence exploiting a sick society for his selfishness, cannot believe in the famine and in the oppression of poor people; these people sometimes rebel as their stomach rumble because of the oppression and the starvation caused by rich people who want to satisfy their crave for luxury”. Do you really believe in this statement and what would be the end of this process?

I strongly believe in all I have said, and I think that, in order to understand what will be the end of this process, it would be sufficient to open our eyes and give a look around us observing all the inequalities that surround us.
5. Question: Could you better define the precariousness problem in Italy and what are its solutions?

I’m not surely to be the right person who can propose easy solutions or magic wands for this problem; this is a task for technicians.. To begin, I think that– as I do when speaking with students – we could say to young people to search their own path and follow their own passions; “You cannot look for the independence  when you depend on your employer as this situation means to be always a slave of someone”.
6. Question: Do you think that the problem in the Italian market labor is only an example of a global economic system that doesn’t work?

In my opinion the real problem is the globalization of goods. The market and the finance are killing local productions as the same goods are imported from foreign countries. Our grandparents fought during their entire life in order to obtain a piece of earth to use for cultivation and to be independent. The real problem is that we have forgotten this. I think the solution would be the following: “close border to goods, open border to people”.
7. Question: Francois Hollande, socialist candidate for the next France presidential elections proposed a 75% tax for the incomes over 1 billion euros. Now the marginal taxes on higher incomes in the main European countries range from 41%(France) to 52% (Spain). What do you think about this?

I think that in order to win the elections, someone sometimes promise something difficult to keep to. I totally oppose all forms of government. I think that animals should be governed; the men are able to govern themselves. In any case, I’m in favor of an higher taxation on the rich people but only if the resulting money  is then invested in local communities.
8. Question: Could you give an assessment between 1 and 10 to the following possible causes of the precariousness in Italy: 
a) Temporary jobs not well regulated                                          “6”
b) Article 18                                                                            “0”
c) Low GDP growth                                                                  “1”
d) High public debt                                                                   “8”
e) Iniqual distribution of wealth                                                  “9”
f) Management’s income too high                                               “7”
g) Black economy                                                                   “10”
h) Politicians and entrepeneurs too old                                       “8”
i) Technology development                                                       “10”
j) Bad matching between educational system and market labor      “7”
k) Altro (specificare)