SOUL:  This unknown

 

On the threshold of the third millennium, it seems that man, despite the advancement of technology and discoveries, feels increasingly alone and defenseless on this world in constant prey of disturbance. Climate change, increasingly aggressive viruses, indifference of people and more and more accentuated loneliness of man even though living in populous cities seem to be the triggers of most of his diseases.

Not for nothing, suicide cases especially in America, a highly civilized country, are statistically higher than the world average, as well as diseases related to insomnia or depression are increasing. Public or private pharmaceutical companies proliferate on this ground of despair, the latter having risen like mushrooms.

The real disease ̶ that I call the cause of industrialization with the consequent loss of contact with mother earth (agriculture and enlarged patriarchal society) and relationships with people based in the past on mutual trust ̶ arises from an unbalanced human-environment relationship and excessive consumerism that led man to consider satisfying his material needs and less than his spiritual needs as a priority.

The soul has been relegated to second order, if it is recognized as existing by the denial of those who feel satisfied only by an unbridled craving for consumerism, exasperated by the continuous drumming of the mass media and all the propaganda tools that leverage a media mantra which affects the human mind.

In fact, it is well known that men, like all animals, are habitual (1). In this regard, I quote the Russian Pavlov with his experiments conducted on animals, which has shown how habituation produces stimuli within the brain such as to reiterate actions that manifest themselves in the request for food at a predetermined time, conditioned reflexes, etc.

We men, mixed with body and soul (the latter invisible and therefore often unrecognized), are led to reiterate repetitive actions.

But the dissatisfaction often caused in us by not knowing how to adequately respond to the pressing demands of society and technology, our inadequacy to get on with the pace of our fellow men, the stress induced in us by unnerving work rhythms and social practices, etc. . they confront us with extreme crises and often exasperating dilemmas.

This happens to anyone of us who tries to face school, work, social challenges from the first years of life.

It is no coincidence that the Swiss Jean Piaget, psychologist, pedagogist, biologist and philosopher, in his famous studies on the evolution of the child and on the stages of his cognitive development from zero to seven years, in particular, and up to 11 for the formalization of thought Logically, he pauses to consider the importance of genetic epistemology and of the stages of cognitive development of children in developmental age.

In summary, we men are highly habitual beings and very influenced not only by

Es, I, Super-Ego, as Sigismund Freud (3) explained us, but also from the collective conscience of Carl Gustav Jung (4), both psychologists and pillars of modern psychoanalysis.

In summary: Es is the instinctive, primordial subconscious, deriving from human nature and driven by sexual drives; Ego represents the emerged, conscious part (according to Sigmund Freud located in the cerebral cortex; Super-Ego is a super-consciousness matured by the “civilization” of man, the code of behavior. Treating all the symptoms induced by high blood pressure, anxiety, depression, insomnia and other diseases, it means going first to examine your soul

As the ancient Romans said “Mens sana in corpore sano”, as an optimal gymnastics for the body induces serotonin and a general state of well-being, so a soul that permeates our emotions, sensations and feelings generates a state of well-being avoiding all typical evils of our society.

Why in our western society, unlike the eastern one, has the soul been neglected? Did it also depend on a split induced by the various religions that have not been able to integrate the spiritual part with the material one, as happens in Eastern philosophy? I believe it is also due to the introduction of the idea of ​​sin as regards the sexual sphere (Freud teaches us) and to the instincts deliberately ousted by the well-meaning religious and moralizers, who have tried to block libido in all possible ways, pointing to penalties and non-existent sins.

Time and space do not really exist, according to the new frontiers of quantum physics, if not the first in the biological sense. Einstein was a visionary, like all scientists. Max Planck went beyond Einstein, beyond the localization of events, beyond time itself, which exists only biologically (a cluster of atoms that form bodies and thermodynamically undergo an aging process).

Thanks to Quantum Entanglement, today we know that two subatomic particles (such as photons), even if distant, can behave as a single system. This is a departure from the localization principle (an object can only be influenced by its immediate environment), dear to Einstein and his theory of narrow relativity. One explanation may be that of the “hidden variables” that escape us. Thus, even if distant, these particles have an effect on each other.

I quote to conclude St. Augustine, philosopher and father of the Church, 4th-5th century AD, and his spiritual theories.  For the Bishop of Hippo, time is a dimension of the soul, it is consciousness itself that expands to embrace with the present also the past and the future. Time represents for him a subjective dimension due to the human spirit that gathers in unity the plurality of dispersed external experiences.

Even though evolution has been great today, ignorance of knowledge seems to overcome all aspects because it contemplates only the purely material and apparent side of things. We are clots of atoms and therefore of energy, as Einstein’s famous equation (E = mc^2) teaches us, or rarefaction of consciousness (the soul) through neurons that connect together by sending electrical impulses. In the mystery of the brain is hidden the secret of our being a sort of micro-world within a macro-world, whose true boundaries escape us.

We are ̶ as the Dutch artist Maurits Cornelis Escher taught us beyond the geometric and conventional schemes of the world ̶ particles of God splashed on Earth like meteoric fragments, or a concentrate of infinity like our invisible soul which is the basis of many of our frustrations and desires.

 

 

ANIMA: Questa sconosciuta

 

 

Alle soglie del terzo millennio, sembra che l’uomo, nonostante il progresso della tecnologia e delle scoperte, si senta sempre più solo e indifeso in questo mondo in costante metamorfosi. I cambiamenti climatici, i virus sempre più aggressivi, l’indifferenza delle persone e la solitudine sempre più accentuata dell’uomo, anche se vive in città popolose, sembrano essere i fattori scatenanti della maggior parte delle sue malattie.

Non per niente, i casi di suicidio soprattutto in America, un paese altamente civilizzato, sono statisticamente più alti della media mondiale, così come le malattie legate all’insonnia o alla depressione.

Le compagnie farmaceutiche pubbliche o private proliferano su questo terreno di disperazione e  crescono come funghi.

La vera malattia, conseguenza dell’industrializzazione, con  perdita di contatto con la madre terra (agricoltura e società patriarcale allargata) e relazioni interpersonali una volta basate sulla fiducia reciproca,  deriva da una relazione squilibrata uomo-ambiente e un eccessivo consumismo che porta l’uomo a considerare prioritaria la soddisfazione dei suoi bisogni materiali e meno dei suoi bisogni spirituali.

L’anima è stata relegata al secondo ordine, se è riconosciuta come esistente da coloro che si sentono soddisfatti solo da un desiderio sfrenato per il consumismo, esasperato dal continuo tamburellare dei mass media e di tutti gli strumenti di propaganda che sfruttano un mantra mediatico che  s’annida nella mente umana. In effetti, è noto che gli uomini, come tutti gli animali, sono abituali (1).

A questo proposito, cito il russo Pavlov con i suoi esperimenti condotti sugli animali, che ha dimostrato come l’abitudine produca stimoli all’interno del cervello degli animali tali da reiterare azioni che si manifestano nella richiesta di cibo in un tempo prestabilito, riflessi condizionati, ecc.

Noi uomini, mescolanza di  corpo e  anima (quest’ultima invisibile e quindi spesso non riconosciuta), siamo portati a ripetere azioni ripetitive.

Ma l’insoddisfazione spesso causata in noi dal non sapere come rispondere adeguatamente alle pressanti esigenze della società e della tecnologia, la nostra inadeguatezza per andare avanti con il ritmo dei nostri simili, lo stress indotto in noi da ritmi di lavoro snervanti e pratiche sociali, ecc.,  ci prostrano con crisi estreme e dilemmi spesso esasperanti.

Questo succede a chiunque di noi cerchi di affrontare la scuola, il lavoro, le sfide sociali fin dai primi anni di vita.

Non è un caso che lo svizzero Jean Piaget (2), psicologo, pedagogista, biologo e filosofo, nei suoi famosi studi sull’evoluzione del bambino e sulle fasi del suo sviluppo cognitivo da zero a sette anni, in particolare, e fino a 11 anni  per la formalizzazione del pensiero logico, abbia fatto una pausa per considerare l’importanza dell’epistemologia genetica e delle fasi dello sviluppo cognitivo dei bambini in età evolutiva.

In sintesi, noi uomini siamo esseri altamente abituali e molto influenzati non solo da

Es, Io, Super-Ego, come ci ha spiegato Sigismund Freud (3), ma anche dalla coscienza collettiva di Carl Gustav Jung (4), due celeberrimi psicologi  nonché pilastri della moderna psicoanalisi.  In sintesi: “Es” è il subconscio istintivo e primordiale, derivante dalla natura umana e guidato da pulsioni sessuali; “Io” rappresenta la parte emersa e cosciente (secondo Sigmund Freud situato nella corteccia cerebrale); “Super-Ego” è una super coscienza maturata dalla “civiltà” dell’uomo,  suo codice di comportamento.

Trattare tutti i sintomi indotti dall’ipertensione, ansia, depressione, insonnia e altre malattie, significa prima di tutto esaminare la  propria anima. Come dicevano gli antichi romani “Mens sana in corpore sano“. Poiché una ginnastica ottimale per il corpo induce uno stato generale di benessere, allo stesso modo un’anima che genera emozioni, sensazioni e sentimenti  determina uno stato di benessere in grado di evitare tutti i mali tipici della nostra società.

Perché nella nostra società occidentale, a differenza di quella orientale, l’anima è stata trascurata? È dipeso forse  anche da una scissione indotta dalle varie religioni che non sono state in grado di integrare la parte spirituale con quella materiale, come accade nella filosofia orientale? Credo che sia dovuto anche all’introduzione dell’idea del peccato per quanto riguarda la sfera sessuale (Freud) e gli istinti deliberatamente estromessi dai religiosi e dai moralisti ben intenzionati, che hanno cercato di bloccare la libido in tutti i modi possibili, additando sanzioni e peccati inesistenti.

In realtà il tempo e lo spazio non esistono secondo le nuove frontiere della fisica quantistica, se non il primo in senso biologico.

Einstein era un visionario, come tutti gli scienziati. Max Planck è andato oltre Einstein, oltre la localizzazione degli eventi, oltre il tempo stesso, che esiste solo biologicamente (un gruppo di atomi che formano corpi e termodinamicamente subiscono un processo di invecchiamento).

Grazie all’Entanglement quantistico, oggi sappiamo che due particelle subatomiche (come i fotoni), anche se distanti, possono comportarsi come un singolo sistema. Questa è una deviazione dal principio di localizzazione (un oggetto può essere influenzato solo dal suo ambiente immediato), caro a Einstein e alla sua teoria della relatività ristretta.Una spiegazione potrebbe essere quella delle “variabili nascoste” che ci sfuggono. Pertanto, anche se distanti, queste particelle si influenzano a vicenda.

Cito per concludere Sant’Agostino, filosofo e padre della Chiesa, IV-V secolo d.C., e le sue teorie spirituali. Per il vescovo di Ippona, il tempo è una dimensione dell’anima, è la coscienza stessa che si espande per abbracciare con il presente anche il passato e il futuro. Il tempo rappresenta per lui una dimensione soggettiva dovuta allo spirito umano che riunisce in unità la pluralità di esperienze esterne disperse.Anche se l’evoluzione è stata grande oggi, l’ignoranza della conoscenza sembra superare tutti gli aspetti perché contempla solo il lato puramente materiale e apparente delle cose.Siamo grumi di atomi e quindi di energia, come ci insegna la famosa equazione di Einstein (E = mc ^ 2), o rarefazione della coscienza (l’anima) attraverso i neuroni che si connettono insieme inviando impulsi elettrici.

Nel mistero del cervello è nascosto il segreto del nostro essere una sorta di micro-mondo all’interno di un macro-mondo, i cui veri confini ci sfuggono.

Siamo  ̶  come l’artista olandese Maurits Cornelis Escher ci ha insegnato oltre gli schemi geometrici e convenzionali del mondo  ̶  particelle di Dio schizzate sulla Terra come frammenti meteorici o un concentrato di infinito come la nostra anima invisibile che è la base di molte delle nostre frustrazioni e desideri.

 

 

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  • -Ivan Petrovič Pavlov (in Russian: Иван Петрович Павлов?; Rjazan’, September 26, 1849 – Leningrad, February 27, 1936) was a Russian physiologist and ethologist, whose name is linked to the discovery on dogs of the conditioned reflex, announced by him in 1903.

The discovery of conditioned reflex (1903) made it possible to apply the objective methods of physiology to the study of higher nervous processes. Natural and artificial conditioned reflexes, their modes of formation and action, assumed great importance in physiology, psychology and psychiatry, although with alternate results.

n the first half of the twentieth century, the theory of conditioned reflexes was used to give credence to behaviorism, founded by John Watson, who stated that the psyche could be studied only through the analysis of behavior. Through conditioning Pavlov demonstrated the possibility of inducing neurotic human-like behavior patterns in animals (“experimental neurosis”). Thus, research was developed that proposed modification by conditioning behavior. These pioneering studies initiated behaviorism to build strategies for treating pathological behaviors.[5]

 

The philosopher Bertrand Russell also supported the importance of Pavlov’s discoveries. Bulgakov was also interested in the studies of the Russian physiologist, who inspired him to write the novel Heart of a Dog. Aldous Huxley, in Brave New World (writing about the so-called “Neo Pavlovian Society”), and Thomas Pynchon, in Gravity’s Rainbow, were also inspired by Pavlov’s findings. The works and the last years of life

Among the most important works of Pavlovian art there are: 

  • Data on the physiology of sleep (1915)
  • Twenty years of experience on the objective study of the superior nervous activity of animals (1922)
  • Lessons on the work of the great cerebral hemispheres (1927).

(2)-Jean Piaget (Neuchâtel, 9 August 1896 – Geneva, 16 September 1980) was a Swiss psychologist, biologist, pedagogist and philosopher. He is considered to be the founder of genetic epistemology, i.e. the experimental study of cognitive structures and processes related to the construction of knowledge during development, and he also devoted himself to developmental psychology. 

(3) – Sigismund Schlomo Freud, known as Sigmund Freud,(Freiberg, 6 May 1856 – Hampstead, 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist, psychoanalyst and philosopher, founder of psychoanalysis, certainly the most famous among the theoretical and practical currents of psychology.

He is known for having elaborated a scientific-philosophical theory, according to which unconscious psychic processes exert decisive influences on thought, human behavior and interactions between individuals: he tried to establish correlations between the vision of the unconscious, symbolic representation of real processes, and its components with the physical structures of the human mind and body, theories that have found partial confirmation even in modern neurology and psychiatry.)

Sigismund Schlomo Freud, known as Sigmund Freud,(Freiberg, 6 May 1856 – Hampstead, 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist, psychoanalyst and philosopher, founder of psychoanalysis, certainly the most famous among the theoretical and practical currents of psychology.

 – Carl Gustav Jung (AFI: [ˈkarl ˈɡʊstaf jʊŋ]; Kesswil, 26 July 1875 – Küsnacht, 6 June 1961) was a Swiss psychiatrist, psychoanalyst, anthropologist, philosopher and academic, one of the leading figures of psychological and psychoanalytic thought.

His technique and theory, of psychoanalytic derivation, is called “analytical psychology” or “psychology of the deep”, more rarely “complex psychology”.

Initially close to Sigmund Freud’s conceptions, he moved away from them in 1913, after a process of conceptual differentiation culminating in the publication in 1912 of La libido: symbols and transformations. In this book he set out his orientation, expanding his analytical research from the history of the individual to the history of the human community. There is a collective unconscious that expresses itself in archetypes, as well as an individual (or personal) unconscious. The life of the individual is seen as a path, called the process of individuation, of self-realization in comparison with the individual and collective unconscious.

 

 

 

Franca Colozzo

An Italian Architect/Writer /ex Teacher in Italy and also in Turkey, passionate about Human Rights, Peace, Education, Environment, Women’s Empowerment, sustainable Architecture.

Franca Colozzo has 17 posts and counting. See all posts by Franca Colozzo

Franca Colozzo

One thought on “SOUL: This unknown – ANIMA: Questa sconosciuta

  • Franca Colozzo

    In truth, death doesn’t exist, it’s just a passage of state. Energy cannot disappear into nothingness (Einstein’s law: nothing is created, nothing is destroyed). The body dies, but the soul (high and refined energy) continues to live or incarnate. If you read the Koran well, you will find the key to what I am saying, written between the imperceptible lines of the divine verb. Men would like to escape immediately to heaven, but without purifying themselves through the various lives, this will not happen. Here is hell (which is then for many people what it is on Earth) that makes its way into Christian thought and beyond. The path of a soul leads to the spiritual awakening of the same soul through errors, mistakes, forced paths where the plot of destiny plays its part and we affect our personal life path.

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