How does Deforestation change our lives and how could we stop it and save our planet from the potential challenges ?
What was my Interest back behind the involvement with the environmental change and awareness activities?
I am a mother and I have two children. As a mother I got feeling that we have to protect our Mother Earth which feeds us, cares us, protect us and support us, all creatures and human being. Hence, I decide to work as a Philantrapirt and stated to make research how to protect our Mother Earth where our future generation can live a better and sustainable life. Forest the key resource of our mother earth which is been mostly used by human and cleaning the forest that is resulting to the deforestation. Would furnished below details about the deformation impact and necessary septets to be taken to protect the forests.
What is Deforestation?
Deforestation is the large-scale removal of trees in forests. Trees are usually removed to make way for agriculture, roads, and urban development. Not all deforestation intentional as some cases can be caused by a combination of natural and human factors like wildfires. Deforestation has had serious environmental effects. While forests still make up 30 percent of the Earth, each year an estimated 18 million acres (or 7.3 million hectares) of forest are lost to deforestation practices. This has caused land and soil damage while also displacing plants and animals that rely on the ecosystem.
What are the Big Causes of Deforestation?
“Forests are the most experienced ecological system on Earth.” Forests provide us with many benefits, including goods such as timber and paper. They help mitigate climate change by consuming the carbon dioxide we put into the air, while breathing out oxygen. Tropical rainforests, like those in the Amazon, play a vital role in the water cycle by providing rain to the region. It is also estimated that rainforests contain more than half of anti-cancer plants identified so far. Eighty percent of land-dwelling species establish homes in forests and the biodiversity ensures global food security and helps alleviate poverty during times of crisis. So, why are we destroying what’s left of the planet’s forest? There is no single factor that is responsible for deforestation. Rather, it’s a combination of forces that are devastating it. Therefore let’s discuss on 5 major cause of deforestation which is already in shown in picture also
Agricultural Expansion: The conversion of forests into agricultural plantations is a major cause of deforestation. The increase in global demand for commodities, such as palm oil and soybeans, are driving industrial-scale producers to clear forests at an alarming rate. Indonesia, the largest producer of palm oil, was named the “Fastest Forest Destroyer,” in the 2008 Guinness World Records. Even when efforts are made to replenish barren plantations, the depleted soil is not able to produce the same biodiversity it once was.
Livestock Ranching: Forest clearing for livestock ranching is another contributor of deforestation. Since 1990, Brazil, a top exporter of beef, has lost an area of forest that is three-fourths the size of Texas. A strong global demand for beef, supported by governments such as in Brazil, is expanding this kind of deforestation.
Logging: Logging, including illegal logging, is a driver of deforestation. In Indonesia, illegal logging operations provide short-term income for people living on less than $1 a day. However, it destroys the livelihoods of those who depend on the forest. Indonesia is one of the largest exporters of timber, with about 80 percent of it being exported illegally. It is estimated that organized criminals get between $10-15 billion dollars from illegal logging per year.
Infrastructure Expansion: Road construction can lead to deforestation by providing an entryway to previously remote land. The 5,404-km Interoceanic Highway, which runs from Brazil to Peru, is a concern for conservationists as the road cuts a strip through the biodiverse Amazon rainforest. The road expansions often lead to logging and illegal logging, where opportunists slash down trees without permission from authorities. The cleared land then attracts an influx of settlers and disturbs the peace that once reigned the small villages.
Overpopulation: Our planet once housed an estimated maximum of 15 million people in prehistory. It now sustains a whopping 7 billion and counting. With overpopulation, there is an increase in global needs and wants, leading to expansion and deforestation. The planet’s forests are being devastated at an even rate with population growth.