This is another article in a series about sustainability, and more specifically, sustainable fishing.  First we will review why overfishing hurts our world.

Effects of overfishing

The effects of overfishing may include enviro damage, poverty to those who live by it, and more fish farming.  In explanation, there would be more fish farming, because if there is an area that is overfished, the local government may limit or ban commercial fishing.



Overfishing is a form of exploitation where fish stocks are reduced to poor levels. Overfishing can occur in water bodies of any size, such as ponds, rivers, lakes or oceans, and can result in wealth loss, reduced biological growth rates and low biomass.  For info on biodiversity you can find it in Wikipedia or click on the biodiversity link listed below.  For more on biomass, see

Source: Wikipedia

Impacts on Oceans

Humans can have an abnormal and a massive impact on oceans all over the world. As a result, oceans around the world  become more and more tarnished due to the human impact. Evidence shows that human action is altering the oceans beyond their natural state.  For more on oceans care, see


Social Impact

Overfishing plays a major role in social life as well. When fisheries overfish the waters, they become depleted of resource wealth which humans have used for generations. Many families pass down the fishing lifestyle to their kids, so cultures around the world have changes in their way of life. Also many jobs are lost, and because of shows on TV, the fishing lifestyle looks more appealing to a larger group of people. Which then causes more people to go out and fish the waters dry.


Top 5 Sustainable Fishing Practices (for the hobbyist or small fisher)

1. Practice carbon conscious fishing
Reduce the amount of carbon that your fishing boat puts in the atmosphere.  Replace your prop with a stainless
steel one to reduce drag, and install an electric fuel meter.  Then, go easy on the throttle.  For carbon nuetral, try surfboard fishing which is entirely human powered.

2. Use lead free tackle.  Fish exposed to enough lead exhibit a wide range of problems.

3. Practice catch and release with a circle hook which is less likely to catch a fishes’ gut and improves
it’s chances of living on release.  Also help the aquatic system by not throwing back invasive species.
For more on catch and release, see

4.  Then, pack out everything you pack in.  In other words, don’t be a litterbug.  As an example, debris in water causes engine damage via the prop.  Also it can be ingested by fish, causing suffocation or starvation.

5.  When you keep your catch, use every part of it.  So, compost extra fish parts with plant waste to produce rich dirt for growing plants.

See also:

Word List

biomass (1)- in ecology, the sum of all species

biomass (2) – in energy, biological material used as a source of energy

biodiversity – richness in the variety of species

carbon neutral – no emissions of carbon into the air

carbon conscious – limiting emissions of carbon into the air by personal choice

fish farming – often fish grown in tanks or ponds and sold

lead free – tackle used to fish that uses weighting not made of the element lead

net zero carbon (footprint) – Where carbon use is sequestered, offset, or decarbonized.  An example would be powering the motorboat by carbon free fuel

types of fishing – commercial, small fisher, hobbyist, sustainable, surfboard fishing

wealth – another word for resources


Stephen Saunders

Executive Director, Long Term Economy | Member, LTE International Board | Internal Auditor

Stephen Saunders has 25 posts and counting. See all posts by Stephen Saunders

Stephen Saunders

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