UN needs to update its Human Rights Charter with respect to Natural Resources

Naveed Hussain Shah
Global Goodwill Ambassador
Development Expert by Education

Half of the world population lives in poverty. 80% of humanity lives in less than $10 per day. Income differential is widening every day in third world countries. It is a very bold proof of the failure of current economic model.

Nearly a month ago an event LIFT Pakistan was held at Islamabad. As a VIP guest, I had privilege to discuss stuff with organizers. In a session, the host asked attending honorable European Ambassadors to help Pakistan out of economic crises. The looks on the faces of honorable ambassadors shown brighter as representatives of rich economies. However, while this host mentioned natural resources of Pakistan, the looks changed. Pakistan came out to be more resource abundant than the countries it is asking help from. Nevertheless, Pakistan’s economy is a poor economy. Likewise many developing and under-developed countries.

The main reason for their poverty is world’s current economic model. Their resources are only benefiting dominant and powerful nations and their people. How can local resources benefit local population first? There can be a big debate, as it is not only an economic but also a political issue. Doing this will definitely stir multi-nationals. However, there can be a win win for all. A model good for everyone, no one loses. Only such a model can eradicate poverty.

The new minutes should address the following points:

We need a new or an updated International Charter of Human Rights incorporating the following economic points.

  1. Natural Resources: The money earned from selling resources should be spent only in five sectors Defense (internal & external), Health, Justice, Education & Technology.
  2. Multi-nationals or any country cannot buy/sell resources of the country without considering 60% of benefits of profitability to local population, directly.
  3. Multi-nationals or any country should transfer technology to the place of the resource. Raw to fine processing should be done in the home country of the resource. Local employment rate will soar up and also, technology will help the local population to establish their own industries.
  4. UNO should pass a law to ban governments selling their nation’s natural resources or bargaining those resources to settle governments’ debts.
  5. Instead of donating money, humanitarian networks should use that money to create jobs for target population. As governments in third world are corrupt. About 90% of the debt money and aid money goes to the Western Banks or local bunkers. Not benefiting the population.
  6. State-Person agreement. All countries should honor it. While state takes taxes, it is responsible to provide security, justice, health & education to its citizens, without any discrimination. Only such nations should be allowed to have agreements of their resources under the conditions as described above.
  7. To regularize this, there should be another department at UN to issue licenses and monitoring agreements & activities.

Did you ever worry about natural resource not benefiting local population? Yes, in most cases, it very true and it is the basic cause of poverty and deprivation in resource rich nations. Redefining business on natural resources and regulating these resources internationally, will definitely minimize economic exploitation & misery of poverty-stricken people.

What I wrote is genuinely my knowledge and point of view as a development specialist. However you can read these pages to acquaint yourself further.

References:

  1. http://www.globalissues.org/article/26/poverty-facts-and-stats
  2. Managing Africa’s Natural Resources pp 15-38 | Cite as
    The Status of Natural Resource Management in Africa: Capacity Development Challenges and Opportunities. https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1057/9781137365613_2
  3. Exploitation of Energy Resources in Africa and the Consequences for Minority Rights
    by Julia Maxted
    First Published March 1, 2006 Research Article
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0169796X06062967
  4. Natural Resource Exploitation, Environment and Poverty – bibsys brage
    https://brage.bibsys.no/xmlui/bitstream/handle/11250/135131/master_devl_2007_aubell.pdf?sequence=1
  5. UN report https://www.uneca.org/sites/default/files/PublicationFiles/sdra1-full.pdf

 

 

 

Naveed Hussain

Global Goodwill Ambassador Development Specialist by Education Long Term Thinker LT Economy

Naveed Hussain has 5 posts and counting. See all posts by Naveed Hussain

Naveed Hussain

3 thoughts on “UN needs to update its Human Rights Charter with respect to Natural Resources

  • Renzo Provedel

    Comments about Naveed Hussain Shah script.

    He says that a new development model can be designed and developed to get a “win win” process, to eradicate poverty. Such a model should incorporate 7 economic points. I would comment on these seven issues.

    1. Natural Resources. The money earned from selling resources should be spent only in five sectors: Defense, Health, Justice, Education & Technology

    Renzo.
    Health and Education are the priorities I appreciate. I can’t understand the great expenses in Defence (external), which should be converted in treaties and multilateral agreements instead of spending in weapons. Moreover this trade originates corruption.

    2. Multi-nationals or any country cannot buy/sell resources of the country without considering 60% of benefits of profitability to local population, directly.

    Renzo.
    The payback for the country should be expressed in “values added” and “occupation”; I do not love GNP but, following this index, I expect that the GNP increases. Monitoring and measurement must be implemented as a “clause” in the contracts: I mean results actually (1-3 years later after the investments). One should be very careful about transfer pricing.

    3. Multi-nationals or any country should transfer technology to the place of the resource. Raw to fine processing should be done in the home country of the resource. Local employment rate will soar up and also, technology will help the local population to establish their own industries.

    Renzo.
    Technology transfer is a fine requirement. The acquisition of know how is slow; then a 5 year plan, at least, has to be established. Integration with local Universities and Research Centres are of utmost importance.

    4. UNO should pass a law to ban governments selling their nation’s natural resources or bargaining those resources to settle governments’ debts.

    Renzo.
    Big issue ! The international bodies are often facilitating this “selling” (some examples in the recent Greeks default). The focus on debts is very risky. I would NOT delegate this responsability to any external super-power (you wrote: UNO). How to do differently? Not an easy and unique answer.

    5. Instead of donating money, humanitarian networks should use that money to create jobs for target population. As governments in third world are corrupt. About 90% of the debt money and aid money goes to the Western Banks or local bunkers. Not benefiting the population.

    Renzo. I agree. Not money but projects and investments. Who assures the correct managing? Possibly involve “non profit” bodies organized by citizens.

    6. State-Person agreement. All countries should honor it. While state takes taxes, it is responsible to provide security, justice, health & education to its citizens, without any discrimination. Only such nations should be allowed to have agreements of their resources under the conditions as described above.

    Renzo.
    I agree. Strong agreement about Environment, Human Rights and Economic Sustainability should be signed between funders/other State and public bodies locally, as the Parliament, The Government. The Constitution and /or other structural Laws should include these principles and a measurement of results should be started, possibly controlled by citizen’s oragnization.

    7. To regularize this, there should be another department at UN to issue licenses and monitoring agreements & activities.

    Renzo.
    Be careful about delegation to international “indipendent” oragnization.

    LET ME SAY THAT this recipe is a bit“utopic” because it does not include a huge, organized, will based, long term change program which should involve the whole population as far as:
    – education;
    – infrastructure for water,
    – infrastructure for mobility,
    – justice,
    – participation.
    This is one of the biggest challenges we have ! Only one more point: the problem you, we are facing is not “your” problem, but “our” problem.

  • Stephen Saunders

    Question for Naveed and Renzo: Please clarify what you mean by “transfer pricing” and “transfer technology” please. And thank you.

  • Naveed Hussain

    Dear Renzo & Stephen!

    I am really sorry for delay. I will answer you in detail. Thank you indeed for your questions!!

    Warm Regards

    Naveed Hussain

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